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Thought to have originated in China, the Pug was popular there and in Tibet and Japan for almost fifteen hundred years before Europeans "discovered it." The Pug arrived in Europe via Holland in the fifteen hundreds. It became the mascot of the Dutch ruling House of Orange when one of these dogs supposedly saved the life of a prince by warning him of Spanish invaders during a battle. When William of Orange became King of England, he brought Pugs with him and the breed reached the height of popularity there too. The pug has been recognized by the American Kennel Club since 1885 and has had ups and downs in popularity. At the present it is ranked twenty sixth in popularity.

Other Names Body Type Personality Coat Health Concerns

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Carlin, Mops

AKC Group: Toy

Breed Club: Pug Dog Club of America

Rescue Club: Maryanne Johnson, (320)485-2876, Minnesota

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Body Type:

  • Largest toy breed, the Pug is a stocky dog with a massive head embellished with deep wrinkles
  • Height: 10-11 inches (at shoulder)
  • Weight: 14-18 pounds
  • Button or rose ears are not altered
  • Tail is tightly curled and carried over hip. It is not altered.


  • Loyal and affectionate but friendly to strangers
  • Intelligent, although stubbornness makes this breed hard to train
  • Extremely playful
  • Always ready for a game


  • The short coat is soft and fine
  • Allowed colors are: solid black, apricot, silver-fawn or fawn. Fawn coloration must include a black line, called a trace, down the center of the back from the head to the tail
  • Minimal grooming
  • Sheds heavily for a short haired dog
  • Facial wrinkles must be cleaned daily to prevent fungal infections

Health Concerns:

  • Difficulty whelping
  • Breathing problems caused by pushed in face; this can be a problem when transporting by plane
  • Exacerbated in hot weather
  • Skin allergies and mange
  • Prominent eyes are easily scratched; they also have a tendency to pop out of sockets in some strains
  • Heart diseases
  • Obesity
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Tasty Tidbits:
  • Very long lived dog
  • Snores up a storm
  • Not suggested for homes with cats as the eyes of a Pug are easily damaged
  • Empress Josephine's pet Pug, Fortune, carried secret messages under his collar to her husband
  • Napoleon when he was imprisoned at Les Carmes
  • Darlings of the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, Pugs became a fashion statement in the 20th Century

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