Parson Russell Terrier Adopt a Parson Russell Terrier Today!
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Parson Russell Terrier

Country/Date of Origin: England/1700s

This is THE working terrier. For 250 years it has been the dog of choice of masters of foxhounds and serious terrier men. The breed was already well established when Parson John Russell (1795-1883) popularized them. Everything about the Jack Russell is designed with fox hunting in mind. In short, where the fox can go, the Jack must be able to go. The color is a white ground so that foxhounds can distinguish the dogs from the dark colored fox or badger when they emerge from the dens. The Jack Russell has the necessary courage, intelligence and determination to do its job. It is the working cousin to the more gentrified Fox Terrier that one sees in shows.

Other Names Body Type Personality Coat Health Concerns

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Jack Russell Terrier, Parson Jack Russell Terrier, Hunt Terrier

AKC Group: This breed has its own registry: (Terrier)

Breed Club: The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America

Rescue Club: Russell Rescue, Inc

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Body Type:

  • A rugged, well balanced rather small go-to-ground terrier
  • Height: 10-13 inches (at shoulder)
  • Weight: 11-15 pounds
  • Ears are button and are not altered
  • Tail is docked


  • The quintessential terrier. Alert, active, and feisty
  • Noisy
  • Great with children; always ready for a romp
  • As a pack hunter, it tends to get along well with other dogs although it seems to relish a good scrap from time to time
  • Jacks have so much hunting instinct they are difficult to train in basic obedience; they mean well but they are just so BUSY they can't spare the time it takes to pay attention to you


  • Coat may be smooth, broken or rough
  • Color should be predominantly white, with tan, black, or brown markings
  • Moderate grooming
  • These terriers are not "prettied up" for shows

Health Concerns:

  • Very healthy as a robust constitution is something specifically bred for
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Tasty Tidbits:
  • Although it is not registered in either the American Kennel Club or the United Kennel Club, the Jack Russell is extremely popular in the United States
  • It is a wonderful little terrier that has a special affinity for horses
  • Type varies widely from longer legged roughs to short legged smooths
  • The physical type is not fixed but nobody seems to care as long as they can do their job underground

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