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Country/Date of Origin: Germany/1800s

Rottweilers marched with the Roman legions. The beefy mastiffs were drovers and stock guards, watching over the cattle the army needed for provisions. Butchers around the town of Rottweil in Germany refined the dog in the Middle Ages until it was so good at its job that cattle could be taken to and from the stockyards without a human attendant. About 1900 the Rottweiler found favor as a police dog and a German Stud Book was established. The first Rottweiler was admitted to the American Kennel Club Stud Book in 1931 but it wasn't until 1948 that a championship title was awarded. A sign of the times, the Rottweiler with its size and guarding instincts is the second most popular dog in America.

Other Names Body Type Personality Coat Health Concerns

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Metzgerhund (butcher's dog)

AKC Group: Working

Breed Club: American Rottweiler Club

Rescue Club: Gwen Chaney, [email protected]

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Body Type:

  • Looks like a heavier version of the Doberman Pinscher
  • Height: 23-27 inches (at shoulder)
  • Weight: 90-110 pounds
  • The tail is short, set level with the back and carried horizontally. Must be docked if it is not naturally short
  • The ears are relatively small and hang close to the head. They are not altered


  • Dignified and slow to anger
  • Natural guarding instincts coupled with great courage
  • Obedient and moderately intelligent
  • Trustworthy around children if raised with them


  • Short, flat, coarse with a softer undercoat on the neck and thighs
  • Permissible colors are black with tan markings on the cheeks, muzzle, chest, and legs and over both eyes
  • Minimal grooming required

Health Concerns:

  • Subject to hip dysplasia
  • Prone to bloat
  • Possible eye problems
  • Progressive spinal cord disorder
  • Breed sensitive to Parvo virus
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Tasty Tidbits:
  • Pronounce it Rott-why-lurr
  • The breed has a booster in Alexandra Day whose books about the baby-sitting Carl, have introduced Rotties to millions
  • Firmly ensconced in second place in the popularity charts and is pushing the Labrador to be top dog

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