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American Foxhound Adopt a American Foxhound Today!
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American Foxhound

Country/Date of Origin: USA/18th Century

The ancestry of American Foxhounds can be traced back to the hounds owned by Robert Brooke in the 1650s. He brought English Foxhounds with him and bred them to be more suitable for hunting in the rolling hills of Maryland and Virginia. Later fanciers blended in strains of other English, French and Irish hounds. The result was a lighter-boned hound with a keener sense of smell than its English counterpart. The American Foxhound is considered a dog of the Southeastern states where fox hunting was considered a gentleman's sport.

Other Names Body Type Personality Coat Health Concerns

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Virginia Hound

AKC Group: Hound

Breed Club: American Foxhound Club, Inc.

Rescue Club: Foxhound Relocation and Retirement

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Body Type:

  • A substantial hound of the chase with lines that reveal its great athletic ability
  • Height: 21-25 inches (at shoulder)
  • Weight: 65-75 pounds
  • Hanging ears are not altered
  • Tail is carried erect with a slight curve and is not altered


  • A sweet nature but not particularly people oriented; This is especially true of dogs raised in a pack; they tend to bond with others of their own kind instead
  • Not homebodies; American Foxhounds will roam if given the chance
  • Extremely active
  • Do not adapt well to confined quarters


  • Short and harsh to the touch
  • Any of the hound colors are acceptable
  • The most commonly seen are black, tan and white tricolors or piebald marking of tan or lemon on a white background

Health Concerns:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • A blood disease found only in this breed is sometimes fatal
  • Some genetic deafness
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Tasty Tidbits:
  • The sweet music of the American Foxhound has been incorporated into popular songs
  • American foxhounds exhibit two unique traits in the field: They do not give tongue on the fox's trail unless they are taking the lead or challenging the leading hound and they have an uncanny homing sense
  • The Guinness Book of Records list an American Foxhound as having the largest recorded litter; "Lena" produced 23 healthy pups
AKC Miscellaneous Group AKC Herding Group AKC Non-Sporting Group AKC Sporting Group AKC Toy Group AKC Working Group AKC Hound Group AKC Terrier Group