Country/Date of Origin: England/1700s
This is THE working terrier. For 250 years it has been the dog of choice of masters of foxhounds and serious terrier men. The breed was already well established when Parson John Russell (1795-1883) popularized them.
Everything about the Jack Russell is designed with fox hunting in mind. In short, where the fox can go, the Jack must be able to go. The color is a white ground so that foxhounds can distinguish the dogs from the dark colored fox or badger when they emerge from the dens. The Jack Russell has the necessary courage, intelligence and determination to do its job. It is the working cousin to the more gentrified Fox Terrier that one sees in shows.